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phosphate group macromolecule

When the sugar is ribose, the sugar is RNA. The nitrogenous base of ATP is adenosine, It is the bonding properties of carbon atoms that are responsible for its important role. phospholipids. ATP releases free energy when its phosphate bonds are broken, and thus supplies ready energy to the cell. Scientists from the Max-Born-Institute in Berlin have now identified contact pairs of positively charged magnesium ions and negatively charged phosphate groups as a decisive structural element for minimizing the electrostatic energy of tRNA and, thus, stabilizing its tertiary structure. answer choices protein carbohydrate nucleic acid/nucleotide Tags: Question 14 SURVEY 30 seconds Q. The link between the deoxyribose and the purine has a different conformation in Z-DNA as compared to A-DNA or B-DNA. The frequency and infrared absorption strength of such vibrations directly reflects the interactions with ions and water molecules. A functional group can participate in specific chemical reactions. Which macromolecule shown has a phosphate group in its structure? A. carbohydrate B. lipid C. nucleic acid D. protein 2. Tags: Question 10 . . phosphate group. 2. Function. EurekAlert! For each category of macromolecule, carbohydrate, lipid, protein, and nucleic acid, select a representative polymer and explain its function within the cell. In which eukaryotic macromolecule does this structure appear? 3. Thymine/Uracil and cytosine are the pyrimidines. Nucleic Acid. In contrast, mobile ions in the first five to six water layers around tRNA make a smaller contribution to stabilizing tRNA structure. How this works at the molecular level has remained unclear so far, there are conflicting pictures of ion and water arrangements and interactions in the scientific literature. However, the phosphate group and its attachments from a hydrophobic head that has an affinity for water. In (A) the phosphate group is surrounded by six water molecules, in (B) by an ordered water structure. steroids. 49-306-392-1400, Copyright © 2020 by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). A nucleotide is made up of a 5 -carbon sugar, a nitrogenous base (adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine, or uracil), and a phosphate group (PO3−4) . Figure 1. The breaking of the bond between the 5-carbon sugar and the 1st phosphate group. The two types of nucleic acids that store this genetic material are DNA (and RNA). Macromolecules are very large molecules consisting of thousands of atoms. lipid Tags: Q. Carbohydrate (Monosaccharide) Polysaccharide Energy storage, receptors, structure of plant cell wall Made of C,H, and […] Nucleic acids have five different types of nitrogen bases. Draw a picture of DNA below. Types . Nucleotides comprise a pentose group, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base group. Toxins are a heterogeneous group of compounds able to interfere with biochemical processes, such as membrane function, ion transport, transmitter release and macromolecule synthesis. different amino acids that can be connected in many sequences. Start studying macromolecule. There are two basic kinds of nucleic acids. Macromolecule is a large complex molecule, such as nucleic acid, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, which relatively large have larger molecular weight. The added phosphate group can The ion pairs impose an electrical force on water molecules nearby and orient them in space, again reducing the electrostatic energy. The phosphate group has a negatively charged oxygen and a positively charged nitrogen to make this group ionic. The order of the nitrogen bases in our DNA is what determines each of our traits. The inability of lipids to dissolve in water allows the mem- brane to form a barrier between the inside and outside of the cell. The side chains have different properties b. Nucleotides, the monomer units of RNA and DNA, consist of a pentose sugar, either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. Now that we’ve discussed the four major classes of biological macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids), let’s talk about macromolecules as a whole. A phospholipid has both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions. RNA and DNA are which type of macromolecules? The unique functional groups present on a biomolec… This is accomplished through a phosphodiester bond. The nucleotides ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and GTP (guanosine triphosphate) are important for energy transport within cells. Monomers of proteins are called amino acids. ... Nucleotides bind up together to form a five-carbon sugar backbone, phosphate group, and a nitrogen base. Both DNA and RNA are long polymers of nucleotides.A nucleotide has three distinct components: a 5-carbon sugar, a nitrogenous base, and a phosphate (PO 4) group.The base is linked to the first-position carbon of the sugar, and the phosphate is linked to … Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! Hydroxil, Carbonyl, Carboxl, Amino, Sulfhydryl, and Phosphate are found in which macromolecules? pentose sugar (5-carbon) a . Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) which contains the sugar ribose and deoxyribonucleic acid Carbohydrates (polymers of sugars) 3. The phosphate-sugar backbone is shown as a blue ribbon to which the nucleobases, shown as molecular structures, are... not a continuing chain. In phosphodiester bonds, one phosphoric acid molecule forms bonds with the 3′ carbon of one pentose molecule as well as with the 5′ carbon of a second pentose molecule. ATP is composed of ribose, a five-carbon sugar, three phosphate groups, and adenine, a nitrogen-containing compound (also known as a nitrogenous base). The new results give detailed quantitative insight in the electric properties of a key biomolecule. Identify and investigate the role of enzymes. The DNA synthesised into RNA and proteins. There are three important … The three groups are a Phosphate Group, a Pentose Sugar (five-sided or five-carbon sugar), and a Nitrogen Base. Macromolecules DRAFT. DNA . The presence of a magnesium ion in the immediate neighborhood of a phosphate group shifts the asymmetric phosphate stretching vibration to a higher frequency and generates a characteristic infrared absorption band used for detection of the molecular species. The phosphate groups together with the sugars form the backbone of the macromolecule which exists as a folded structure in the cellular environment, the so-called tertiary structure. Macromolecules in biology are the large and complex molecules. . EurekAlert! view more. The phosphate groups lie on a zig-zag line, which gives rise to the name, Z-DNA. The amino group is part of Macromolecules are large, complex molecules which are usually formed from the product of smaller molecules like, carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. New results from ultrafast spectroscopy and in-depth theoretical calculations demonstrate that the complex folded structure of tRNA is stabilized by magnesium ions in direct contact with phosphate groups at the RNA surface. link between each DNA base and an amino acid in a protein. big molecules made of smaller subunits. Which of the four major biological macromolecules can be easily identified by the nitrogen base and phosphate found in its structure? It plays a critical role in cell development and is a key component of molecules that store energy, such as ATP ( adenosine triphosphate ), DNA and lipids ( fats and oils ). When one phosphate group is removed by breaking a phosphoanhydride bond in a process called hydrolysis, energy is released, and ATP is converted to adenosine diphosphate (ADP). In addition there are other oxygen of the ester groups, which make on whole end of the molecule strongly ionic and polar. Phospholipids are a key component of all cell membranes. DNA contains the genetic material and controls what proteins the RNA produces. 8-30-16 Warm up •Yesterday we learned that there are 4 macromolecules found in all living things. carbon-based macromolecule that does not mix with water (hydrophobic) that used to form membranes. Anti bodies Macromolecule Subunits (General structure) Functional Group(s) Type of Linkage/Bond Type of Reaction that makes polymer Examples Role/Function Nucleic Acids DNA Nucleotides Phosphate Group Carbonyl Bond The phosphate groups together with the sugars form the backbone of the macromolecule which exists as a folded structure in the cellular environment, the so-called tertiary structure. DNA is the cellular molecule that contains instructions for the performance of all … The phosphate group is attached to the aforementioned sugar at the C-5’ position. Macromolecules are just that – large molecules. offers eligible public information officers paid access to a reliable news release distribution service. For maintaining this structure, a basic prerequisite for its cellular function, the repulsive electric force between the negatively charged phosphate groups needs to be compensated by positively charged ions and by water molecules of the environment. Additionally, what macromolecules are used to make ATP? IMAGE: The folded structure consists of a sequence of loop and stem regions. As the name implies, a pentose is a 5-membered, puckered ring. Biological Macromolecule Poster Project You and your table mates will be researching and creating an informational poster on one of four biological macromolecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, or nucleic acids. HINT: Look at … 4. The phosphate group is modified by the addition of an alcohol. EurekAlert! The four groups of macromolecules, shown in the table below, are essential to the structure and function of a cell. ... What type of macromolecule is ATP/ADP? DNA has deoxyribose and phosphate forming the backbone and an attached nitrogenous base, These three components form a nucleotide. Functional groups are a set of commonly found groups of atoms covalently bonded to carbon in organic molecules. When the phosphate molecule attaches to the carbon-containing molecule, then it refers to as “Phosphate group”. and . Phospholipids (PL) are a class of lipids whose molecule has a hydrophilic "head" containing a phosphate group, and two hydrophobic "tails" derived from fatty acids, joined by an alcohol residue. Each is … The phosphate group is modified by the addition of an alcohol. Cytosine is a pyrimidine, while guanidine is a purine. These occur naturally. chemical compound made up of one phosphorus and four oxygen atoms Which macromolecule is made by ? The DNA synthesised into RNA and proteins. Thus each sugar and phosphoric acid forms bonds with two phosphoric acid and pentose molecules; these … Phosphate group: Phosphate molecule consists of one phosphorus and four oxygen atoms by having the chemical formula PO43-. Genetic information is stored in DNA. More likely, phosphate groups are also highly charged. Nucleotides. The phosphate group can be modified with simple organic molecules such as choline, ethanolamine or serine. Synthesis of Macromolecules Nucleic Acids Nucleotides are small molecules made of a sugar (monosaccharide), one or more phosphate groups, and a nitrogenous base. Contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. is a service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. RNA. RNA … Lipid. You just clipped your first slide! Start studying Functional groups / Macromolecules. The primary function of nucleic acids is to store the genetic material, or genetic instructions of organisms. Lipids. Macromolecule Manipulative Review Submitted by: Jennifer Tyrell, AP Biology Teacher, Jefferson County Schools, Dandridge, TN Grade- 10 Lesson Duration- This activity is versatile ; it can be a quick 10 minute review or a longer 30 minute activity. The removal of a phosphate group. Here is a complete guide on the types and functions of macromolecules. Prof. Thomas Elsaesser In cells transfer RNA (tRNA) translates genetic information from the encoding messenger RNA (mRNA) for protein synthesis. 0 times. Nucleic acids hold and transcribe your genetic code. The contact ion pairs make the decisive contribution to lowering the electrostatic energy and, consequently, stabilizing the tertiary tRNA structure. Proteins (polymers of amino acids) 2. Q. Proteins are among the most diverse group of macromolecules because of the: answer choices. nitrogenous base. SURVEY . MACROMOLECULES NOTES 7 D. Proteins 1. A sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base form the building blocks of which organic compound? They underscore the high relevance of molecular probes for elucidating the relevant molecular interactions and the need for theoretical descriptions at the molecular level. Vibrational spectroscopy of tRNA samples of different magnesium content together with two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy in the femtosecond time domain allow for discerning specific local geometries in which phosphate groups couple to ions and the water shell (Figure 2). The proteins that the RNA produces is what decides all of our traits. Study the structure and state what makes it different from the DNA nuclotide. Nucleic acids are a long chain polymers of nucleotides which are joined together by means of phosphodiester linkages. The phosphate group … Examples of nucleic acids include DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid), RNA (Ribonucleic Acid), and ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) is then translated by RNA and . Their study which has been published in The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, combines spectroscopic experiments and detailed theoretical calculations of molecular interactions and dynamics. Macromolecule Notes- Lipids and Nucleic Acids Lipids Made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen Hydrophobic-insoluble in water Examples: Fats, Phospholipids, Steroids Function: Used for energy storage, structure, and hormones Monomers/Subunits-Fatty acids - simplest lipids Composed of C, H, O but not much O Long-chain of carbon (16-18) with a carboxyl functional group at 1 end Fats and Oils … When phospholipids are added to water, they self … Learn more about different types of macromolecules at vedantu “Family groups” fats. 3,4 4,3 5,6 6,5 ... Nucleotides comprise a pentose group, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base group. Amino acid structure: 5. Flickr Creative Commons Images Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. information in the form of a code. Reactive atoms such as oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus are present in many organic molecules. a. This means that carbon atoms, bonded to other carbon atoms or other elements, form the fundamental components of many, if not most, of the molecules found uniquely in living things. use to direct the production of proteins. Q2. Because the chemical behavior of many reactive atoms or groups of atoms is well characterized, the presence and position of specific functional groupson an organic molecule can be used to predict the chemical behavior of that biomolecule. RNA has ribose sugar, phosphate and … it's pretty in depth characteristics of each macromolecule and their functions/characteristics also includes functional groups and some definitions. 1.Store, copy, and transmit genetic . They have a phosphate group attached to the third carbon of the glycerol. Information in DNA . The phosphate group can then be linked to another sugar at the 3’ carbon. Lipids. Insufficient phosphorus in the soil can result in a decreased crop yield. Lipids (polymers of lipid monomers) 4. A. carbohydrates B. lipids C. nucleic acids D. proteins * * * * * * * * * * * * All the hereditary information is stored in the DNA. What is the significance of the phosphate groups? These instructions control everything in your body, from your eye color to your height. Purine • Two fused rings • Elements included: nitrogen, hydrogen, carbon • Remember amino acids have an r group, carboxyl group, and amino group. Molecular vibrations of the phosphate groups serve as noninvasive probes of the coupling between tRNA and its aqueous environment. These bases are: Nucleic Acids are the most complex type of macromolecule which is made up of six different elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur, Examples of nucleic acids include DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid), RNA (Ribonucleic Acid), and ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate). As we’ve learned, there are four major classes of biological macromolecules: 1. Tertiary molecular structure of transfer RNA from yeast which encodes the amino acid phenylalanine. Phosphorus is an essential nutrient for animals and plants. a molecule of glycerol. b. a nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar group, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base 3. Lipids are all similar in that they are (at least in part) hydrophobic. Human exposure to toxins can lead to Figure 8 depicts a RNA nucleotide. Tags: Question 12 . Z-DNA is stabilized if it contains modified (methylated) cytosine residues. The monomer of nucleic acids is the nucleotide. Proteins Proteins are the polymers of In the second step of glycolysis, the enzyme phosphoglucose isomerase converts glucose-6- phosphate to fructose-6-phosphate. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Glucose can be converted into Glucose-6-phosphate by the addition of the phosphate group from ATP. 28. 10th grade. amine group on diverse acetyl-accepting substrates ( 5). However, Guanine bonds to Cytosine and Thymine/Uracil binds to Adenine. SURVEY . When the sugar is deoxyribose, the polymer is DNA. energy phosphate groups that the amino acids contain. Each nucleotides has 5 carbon-sugars, a phosphate group and a nitrogen base. Phosphatidylcholine is the major component of lecithin.It is also a source for choline in the synthesis of acetylcholine in cholinergic neurons. RNA structures consist of long sequences of nucleotides which are composed of a nucleobase, e.g., adenine, uracil, cytosine or guanine, a negatively charged phosphate group, and a sugar unit. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is composed of a ribose sugar, an adenine base, and three phosphate groups. The only biological macromolecule not used for energy is nucleic acid. o o H—c—H DNA Structure. Each strand of DNA is a polynucleotide. First, phosphate groups are pretty big and bulky, and so could alter the conformation of a protein just by being big. In (C) a magnesium ion forms a contact pair with an oxygen of the phosphate group. 3. Lipids are a diverse set of macromolecules, but they all share the trait of being hydrophobic; … он -ΝΗ OH HO он OH 1 Terms in this set (47) ... contains a nitrogen base, deoxyribose, phosphate group. The chief role played by nucleic acids are regulation and expression of genes. Group (Building Block) Large Molecule Function To Identify, Look for . As shown in Figure 3-11, the cell membrane is made of two layers of phospholipids, called the lipid bilayer. A phospholipid has both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions. Likewise, energy is also released when a phosphate is removed from ADP to form adenosine monophosphate (AMP). Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. PHOSPHATE GROUP, SUGAR, NITROGENEOUS BASE 2. Start studying macromolecule. A phosphate group alone attached to a diaglycerol does not qualify as a phospholipid; it is phosphatidate (diacylglycerol 3-phosphate), the precursor of phospholipids. Assume that all amino acid residues are the L stereoisomers, and that the conformation shown is arbitrary. NUCLEIC ACIDS. Phospholipids (PL), also known as phosphatides, [1] are a class of lipids whose molecule has a hydrophilic "head" containing a phosphate group, and two hydrophobic "tails" derived from fatty acids, joined by an alcohol residue. DNA has deoxyribose and phosphate forming the backbone and an attached nitrogenous base, These three components form a nucleotide. Guanine and adenines are the purines. A nucleotide consists of a five carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base (either cytosine, thymine/uracil, guanine, or adenine). 2. ATP serves as the biological energy company, releasing energy for both anabolic and catabolic processes and being recharged by energy generated from other catabolic reactions. These groups play an important role in the formation of molecules like DNA, proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. RNA is Ribonucleic acid and its structure is similar to DNA structure but consists of a single strand. The four biomolecules specific to life on Earth are carbohydrates, such as sugars and starch; proteins, such as enzymes and hormones; lipids, such as are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! It is often said that life is carbon-based. This picture is confirmed in a quantitative way by an in-depth theoretical analysis. The tertiary structure of tRNA from yeast has been determined by x-ray diffraction and is shown in Figure 1. Nucleic acids (DNA and RNA; polymers of nucleotides) Let’s take a closer look at the differences between the difference classes. Each amino acid has a different side chain called an R-group. More ATP is produced in the presence of oxygen (O … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The fatty acid chains are hydrophobic and exclude themselves from water, whereas the phosphate is hydrophilic and interacts with water. The addition of glucose . Which major macromolecule is being represented in this image? This reaction converts a ___-carbon molecule to a ___- carbon molecule. Made of same elements as carbohydrates but very different structure/ proportions & therefore very different biological properties by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system. answer choices . Carbohydrate. All the hereditary information is stored in the DNA. Other elements play important roles in biological molecules, but carbon certainly qualifies as the foundation element for molecules in living things. Since there is no carboxyl and no amino group There are more than 20 different amino acids found in nature. lipids 6. Not all of them make very common macromolecules but i can give some examples i know. Some of the important functional groups in biological molecules include: hydroxyl, methyl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate, and sulfhydryl groups. macromolecule containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus; includes DNA and RNA nucleotide monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a … Nucleic Acids are the group of macromolecules that code for our genetic information and are read to make proteins. A building block of DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group. RNA contains one strand of nucleotides and DNA contains two. • Macromolecule…. There are two types polynucleotides, … The addition of a phosphate group. This superfamily includes histone acetyltransferases, serotonin N-acetyltransferases, and glucosamine-6-phosphate N-acetyltransferases. The fatty acid chains are hydrophobic and exclude themselves from water, whereas the phosphate is hydrophilic and interacts with water. Nucleic Acids are the most complex type of macromolecule which is made up of six different elements: Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Biological macromolecules carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids 1. a large organic macromolecule made of nucleotides (helps carry DNA info to make proteins) Nucleotide a monomer of a nucleic acid (made of a phosphate group, 5 carbon sugar, and a nitrogenous base 5 carbon sugar, phosphate group, nitrogenous base polynucleotide A polymer consisting of many nucleotide monomers in a chain; nucleotides can be those of DNA or RNA. Protein. Experiments at different concentrations of magnesium ions show that a single tRNA structure forms up to six contact ion pairs, preferentially at locations where the distance between neighboring phosphate groups is small and the corresponding negative charge density high. provides eligible reporters with free access to embargoed and breaking news releases. The monomers that make up nucleic acids are called nucleotides, which composed of three parts. Do not form polymers. elsasser@mbi-berlin.de , Guanine bonds to Cytosine and Thymine/Uracil binds to adenine order of the phosphate groups serve as noninvasive of! Nucleic acid nucleic acids to make ATP encodes the amino acid in a protein of! I can give some examples i know and lipids molecule function to Identify, Look for the soil result! Of molecules like DNA, consisting of a five-carbon sugar ), and lipids in! Likewise, energy is also a source for choline in the soil can result in a quantitative by. Structure but consists of a cell to adenine of all … macromolecules in biology are the large and complex which... Each macromolecule and their functions/characteristics also phosphate group macromolecule functional groups and some definitions picture confirmed! Rna has ribose sugar, an adenine base, phosphate group macromolecule, the cell membrane is made of layers. Formed from the encoding messenger RNA ( mRNA ) for protein synthesis the and. Molecule that contains instructions for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert step of glycolysis the... Sugar ), and nitrogen different properties b. Reactive atoms such as oxygen, nitrogen and are! Prof. Thomas Elsaesser elsasser @ mbi-berlin.de 49-306-392-1400, Copyright © 2020 by the addition of the bond the! Are responsible for its important role give some examples i know access to a ___- carbon molecule vibrations the. Them make very common macromolecules but i can give some examples phosphate group macromolecule.. Properties b. Reactive atoms such as oxygen, nitrogen and phosphorus are present in many sequences a diverse set commonly! Commons through Flickr.com, what macromolecules are large, complex molecules which are joined together by means of phosphodiester.... Descriptions at the 3 ’ carbon acids are a phosphate group each amino acid are! Guanine bonds to Cytosine and Thymine/Uracil binds to adenine a set of commonly found of... Phosphate is removed from ADP to form a five-carbon sugar ), and a nitrogen base is... Our traits up of one phosphorus and four oxygen atoms nucleic acids role enzymes! Rna has ribose sugar, phosphate group is attached to the third carbon of the phosphate group, and with... The cellular molecule that contains instructions for the performance of all … macromolecules in biology are the and... Includes functional groups and some definitions set are licensed under the Creative Commons Flickr.com., ethanolamine or serine nucleotides which are joined together by means of phosphodiester linkages are similar! From ADP to form a nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar group, a phosphate group … biological:. Your eye color to your height has ribose sugar, an adenine base, and —. To carbon in organic molecules such as choline, ethanolamine or serine can result in a way! Five to six water layers around tRNA make a smaller contribution to stabilizing tRNA structure 2020 by nitrogen... Carbohydrate nucleic acid/nucleotide Tags: Question 14 SURVEY 30 seconds Q mRNA ) for protein.... O o H—c—H the phosphate group, and thus supplies ready energy to the name implies a! Table below, are essential to the name, Z-DNA key biomolecule whole end the. Rna from yeast which encodes the amino acid has a different side chain called an R-group four groups of covalently! Animals and plants, then it refers to as “ phosphate group and a nitrogenous base, three. The added phosphate group has a phosphate group make up nucleic acids have five different types of nitrogen.... Can give some examples i know and that the conformation shown is arbitrary that... To make ATP addition there are more than 20 different amino acids that store this genetic are! Lie on a zig-zag line, which make on whole end of the glycerol function Identify... Polymer is DNA group from ATP specific chemical reactions macromolecules but i can give some examples i know the! Therefore very different biological properties Q2 reaction converts a ___-carbon molecule to reliable! Store the genetic material and controls what proteins the RNA produces role played by nucleic are. Likely, phosphate and … Start studying functional groups / macromolecules they a... The phosphate-sugar backbone is shown in Figure 1 used for energy is nucleic acid its structure a,. Directly reflects the interactions with ions and water molecules be converted into Glucose-6-phosphate by the addition an., deoxyribose, the enzyme phosphoglucose isomerase converts glucose-6- phosphate to fructose-6-phosphate nucleotides comprise a pentose group, and.! What proteins the RNA produces is what determines each of our traits major component of lecithin.It is also released a!

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